Dayl Martin

PhD Project Title: Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy of Planetary Regolith Analogues for Remote Sensing Applications.

PhD Supervisors: Dr Katherine Joy, Prof. Roy Wogelius, Dr Andreas Morlok, and Prof. Harald Hiesinger.

Contact email address: dayl.martin@manchester.ac.uk

 

Project Description

Rocks and minerals are highly sensitive to parts of the mid-infrared spectrum, particularly between wavelengths of around 7-15 μm. As such, mid-infrared spectroscopy has been used to analyse the surfaces of planetary bodies; for example the surface of the Moon has been analysed in mid-infrared wavelengths by the Diviner instrument on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft. Mid-infrared spectral analysis can provide information about the composition, grain size, major mineralogy, and maturity of planetary surfaces. Therefore, laboratory infrared analyses of rocks and minerals are essential for a better understanding of the geology of the Solar System.

My project aims to characterise various rock and mineral samples in order to understand how properties such as composition, texture, grain size, and shock alteration (due to meteorite impacts) alter the infrared spectrum. Quantification of these alterations are important for present and future infrared datasets of planetary surfaces as it will allow for changes in physical properties of surface materials to be determined. Data from this project will hopefully be used in comparison with current and future mid-infrared datasets of the lunar surface in an attempt to further understand and quantify the physical properties of lunar surface materials.

BepiColombo is a spacecraft that will be launched to Mercury in 2018 and is due to arrive at Mercury in 2025. On board will be a mid-infrared spectrometer called MERTIS (the MERcury Thermal Infrared Spectrometer) that will collect mid-infrared spectra of the entire surface of Mercury. This project, along with future research, will develop a spectral database of geological samples that the data from Mercury’s surface can be compared to. As Mercury is an airless body, the most relevant geological samples to analyse are those from the only airless planetary body that we have visited: the Moon. As such, Apollo 14, 15, and 16 regolith (fine surface material) samples will be analysed using mid-infrared wavelengths. This will provide an important contribution to the analyses of mid-infrared datasets from both Mercury and the Moon, and will hopefully result in a better understanding of both planetary surfaces.

 

Publication List

D. J. P. Martin, J. F. Pernet-Fisher, K. H. Joy, R. A. Wogelius, A. Morlok, and H. Hiesinger. 2017. Investigating the Shock Histories of Lunar Meteorites Miller Range 090034, 090070, and 090075 using Petrography, Geochemistry, and Micro-FTIR Spectroscopy. Meteoritics and Planetary Science. In press.

E. S. Steenstra, D. J. P. Martin, F. E. Mcdonald, S. Paisarnsombat, C. Venturino, S. O’Hara, A. Calzada-Diaz, S. Bottoms, M. K. Leader, K. K. Klaus, W. van Westrenen, D. H. Needham, and D. A. King. 2016. Analyses of Robotic Traverses and Sample Sites in the Schrödinger Basin for the HERACLES Human-Assisted Sample Return Mission Concept. Advances in Space Research. 58: 1050-1065.

F. E. Mcdonald, D. J. P. Martin, N. M. Curran, and A. Calzada-Diaz. 2015. Exploring the Moon on Earth. Astronomy and Geophysics. 56:31-32.

P. D. Spudis, D. J. P. Martin, and G. Kramer. 2014. Geology and Composition of the Orientale Basin Impact Melt Sheet. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. 119:19-29.

 

Conference Abstracts

D. J. P. Martin, K. L. Donaldson Hanna, K. H. Joy, J. D. Carpenter,N. E. Bowles, and PROSPECT User Group. 2017. Characterization of Lunar Highlands Regolith Simulants in Preparation for Drilling and Sampling into the Polar Regolith by ESA's PROSPECT Package. European Lunar Symposium, Abstract.

K. L. Donaldson Hanna, D. J. P. Martin, K. H. Joy, J. D. Carpenter, N. E. Bowles, PROSPECT User Group. 2017. Characterization of Lunar Highlands Regolith Simulants in Preparation for Drilling and Sampling into the Polar Regolith by ESA's PROSPECT Package. 48th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1717.

D. J. P. Martin, K. H. Joy, J. F. Pernet-Fisher, R. A. Wogelius, A. Morlok, H. Hiesinger. 2017. Size Matters: FTIR Spectral Analysis of Apollo Regolith Samples Exhibits Grain Size Dependence. European Geophysical Union, Abstract.

D. J. P. Martin, A. Morlok, and K. H. Joy. 2017. Micro-FTIR Spectroscopy of Apollo 14, 15, and 16 Regolith Samples. UK Planetary Forum annual meeting, Abstract.

D. J. P. Martin, A. Morlok, and K. H. Joy. 2016. Micro-FTIR Spectroscopy of Apollo 14, 15, and 16 Regolith Samples. Extra-Terrestrial Materials Research Meeting, Abstract.

D. J. P. Martin, K. H. Joy, J. F. Pernet-Fisher, R. Wogelius, A. Morlok, and H. Hiesinger. 2016. Using Quantitative Micro-FTIR Spectroscopy to Characterise the Shock History of Feldspathic Lunar Meteorites Miller Range 090034, 090070 and 090075. 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1547.

D. J. P. Martin, F. E. McDonald, E. S. Steenstra, S. Paisarnsombat, C. S. Venturino, S. O'Hara, A. Calzada-Diaz, M. K. Leader, S. Bottoms, K. K. Klaus, D. Hurwitz-Needham, and D. A. Kring. 2016. A Long Duration Human-Assisted Robotic Sample Return Mission to the Schrödinger Basin Part 2: Traversing Towards the Basin Wall. 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1468.

F. E. McDonald, D. J. P. Martin, E. S. Steenstra, S. Paisarnsombat, C. S. Venturino, S. O'Hara, A. Calzada-Diaz, S. Bottoms, M. K. Leader, K. K. Klaus, D. Hurwitz-Needham, and D. A. Kring. 2016. A Long Duration Human-Assisted Robotic Sample Return Mission to the Schrödinger Basin Part 1: Traversing the Basin Center. 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1464.

C. S. Venturino, D. J. P. Martin, F. E. McDonald, S. Paisarnsombat, E. S. Steenstra, S. O'Hara, A. Calzada-Diaz, S. Bottoms, M. K. Leader, K. K. Klaus, T. K. P. Gregg, and D. A. Kring. 2016. Lunar Pyroclastic Soil Mechanics and Trafficability in the Schrödinger Basin. 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1676.

J. F. Pernet-Fisher, K. H. Joy, and D. J. P. Martin. 2016. Plagioclase in Regolith Breccias: Critical Tool for Deciphering the Shock History of the Lunar Highlands. 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1499.

D. J. P. Martin and K. H. Joy. 2015. A Mid-Infrared Study and Petrographic Comparison of Lunar Feldspathic Meteorites MIL 090034, MIL 090070, and MIL 090075. European Lunar Symposium, Abstract #16.

D. J. P. Martin and K. H. Joy. 2015. The Benefits of Analogue Mineral Standards for Mid-Infrared Studies of Lunar Minerals. Euro-CARES meeting, Abstract.

D. J. P. Martin and K. H. Joy. 2014. Lunar Meteorites Miller Range 090034, 090070 and 090075: Composition and Pairing. 77th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, Abstract #5191.

D. J. P. Martin and P. D. Spudis. 2014. New Geological Map of the Orientale Basin. 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1368.

P. D. Spudis and D. J. P. Martin. 2014. Composition of the Deposits of the Lunar Orientale Basin. 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1469.

 

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